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Literature Unit Resources: Cheaper by the Dozen

I had heard of the movie, Cheaper by the Dozen, and seen the recent version with Steve Martin.

We laughed like crazy. I had heard that there was an older movie, but had never seen it.

A boy and a girl reading a book

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But somehow – no idea how – I had no idea that it was actually a book until my son was assigned to read it for a co op class.

And oh, my word, is it good. It’s so good, in fact, that we ended up putting a halt to some of our lesson plans and designing a unit around this book just for fun.

There is so much good stuff to dig into!

Cheaper by the Dozen

Cheaper by the Dozen (Perennial Classics) is a collection of true anecdotes about the Gilbreth family, written by two of the oldest children.

The Gilbreths lived in Montclair, New Jersey, in the early part of the 20th century.

Frank Gilbreth, the father of this copious clan, was one of the very first efficiency experts (he called it “motion study”) and his wife, Lillian, was his perfect partner.

Cheaper by the Dozen (Perennial Classics)Cheaper by the Dozen (Perennial Classics)

Together, they really did have twelve children (hence the title of the book).

Being the efficiency expert that he was, Father ran his house in some very eccentric ways.

However, he was also a natural and amazing teacher and never missed an opportunity to pass skills and discovery on to his children.

Although homeschooling was not legal in most of America at this time, Frank Gilbreth was a homeschool dad by nature!

Many of the adventures chronicled in the book revolve around how Dad taught his children everything from Morse code to small boat sailing, French and German to touch-typing.

Other stories are hilarious accounts of situations the family found themselves in and examples of Father’s mischievous sense of humor. All in all, this is a fantastic read-aloud.

Note: This book is a product of its time; it was written in 1949 about adventures in the 1910s and 1920s.

There are a few topics included which are seen differently today, but this can provide a great basis for discussion. There are also a few phrases scattered throughout that you might want to creatively edit, especially if you’re reading this with younger children.

Because the book is written in vignettes, however, you can easily skip small sections if choose without losing the flow of the book.

Questions to Discuss

*Dad insisted on finding the most efficient way to do everything in life, from buttoning his shirt to planning a trip. However, he valued his family more than anything and always made time to spend with them.

At the end of the book, we find out why Mr. Gilbreth found saving time to be so important; what do you want to save time for?

*Dad came up with some pretty amazing ways to teach his children a variety of skills. Some of these methods were pretty methodical, and some of them were really creative.

Pick a skill that you think you could teach someone. How would you do it?

*During this time, things were changing kind of rapidly. The Edwardian era was ending and the Jazz Age was beginning.

Mother and Dad had different opinions about some of the new fads and fashions than the kids did.

Do you think the kids made wise decisions about these things, or should they have made different choices?

*Mother and Dad involved all of the children in making decisions, planning projects, handing out chores, buying supplies, and more.

Why do you think they did this? What did the children learn from the Family Council system?

History Activities

*Learn about one or more of the following presidents, as they were in office during the era this book describes.

  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Warren G. Harding
  • Herbert Hoover

You might want to check out my U.S. Presidents Notebooking Set to go along with this study!

History for Kids: A Biography of Woodrow Wilson for ChildrenHistory for Kids: A Biography of Woodrow Wilson for ChildrenWoodrow Wilson (Presidents of the U.S.A.)Woodrow Wilson (Presidents of the U.S.A.)Woodrow Wilson (Kid's Guide to Drawing the Presidents of the United States o)Woodrow Wilson (Kid’s Guide to Drawing the Presidents of the United States o)Warren G. Harding (Kid's Guide to Drawing the Presidents of the United States o)Warren G. Harding (Kid’s Guide to Drawing the Presidents of the United States o)Warren G. Harding (Presidents of the U.S.A.)Warren G. Harding (Presidents of the U.S.A.)How to Draw the Life and Times of Herbert Hoover (Kid's Guide to Drawing the Presidents of the United States o)How to Draw the Life and Times of Herbert Hoover (Kid’s Guide to Drawing the Presidents of the United States o)

*Cheaper by the Dozen talks about a lot of different fashions and such that were popular after World War I and during the Jazz Age.

Learn about some of these and make a journal or scrapbook with what you find.

  • Cootie garage
  • Bobbed hair
  • Dusters
  • Swimming costumes
  • And there are more. Can you find them?

The Jazz Age: The 20s (Our American Century)The Jazz Age: The 20s (Our American Century)Supreme City: How Jazz Age Manhattan Gave Birth to Modern AmericaSupreme City: How Jazz Age Manhattan Gave Birth to Modern AmericaNew York Art Deco: A Guide to Gotham's Jazz Age ArchitectureNew York Art Deco: A Guide to Gotham’s Jazz Age ArchitectureThe Jazz Age: American Style in the 1920sThe Jazz Age: American Style in the 1920sJazz age! Hot Sounds of the 20s and 30sJazz age! Hot Sounds of the 20s and 30s

*The family owned a Pierce Arrow that they called “Foolish Carriage.”

At this time, cars were more common, but they were still pretty new. Find a picture and some information about the Pierce Arrow…and then imagine a family of 14 riding down the road in one!

*Many forms of entertainment are mentioned in Cheaper by the Dozen. Find out about one of them and write a paragraph or design a project to show what you learned. Some examples include:

  • Moving pictures
  • Vaudeville
  • Jazz music

Science Activities

*Dad taught the children astronomy by painting constellations all over the walls of their summer cottage.

Look up several common constellations and paint or draw each on a piece of construction paper or cardstock.

Using a star chart, find these constellations in the sky. Do this for a few nights to track their movement.

The Night Sky 40°-50° (Large) Star FinderThe Night Sky 40°-50° (Large) Star FinderConstellations: A Field Guide To The Night SkyConstellations: A Field Guide To The Night SkyStar Finder!: A Step-by-Step Guide to the Night Sky (Smithsonian)Star Finder!: A Step-by-Step Guide to the Night Sky (Smithsonian)Glow-in-the-Dark ConstellationsGlow-in-the-Dark Constellations

*Photography was one of Dad’s favorite hobbies, but photography in the 1920s was very different than what we know today.

Find out how early photography worked, and then learn about the development of cameras over the past century.

How did we get from how Dad took pictures to being able to take them on our phones today?

Paper Promises: Early American PhotographyPaper Promises: Early American PhotographyPhotography: The Early Years : A Historical Guide for CollectorsPhotography: The Early Years : A Historical Guide for CollectorsPhoto Adventures for Kids: Solving the Mysteries of Taking Great PhotosPhoto Adventures for Kids: Solving the Mysteries of Taking Great PhotosPhotography Demystified - For Kids!: A Kid's Guide and Parents Resource to Fun and Learning Photography TogetherPhotography Demystified – For Kids!: A Kid’s Guide and Parents Resource to Fun and Learning Photography Together

*Sailing with his children was another of Dad’s favorite pastimes.

How do sailors navigate without landmarks? How do they work the sails to use the power of the wind?

Choose a topic about sailing that you would like to learn more about and decide on a way to learn it. Get creative, just like Dad!

Math Activities

Dad believed in teaching his children the value of money. He did this in a few different ways. Try them out for yourself to see how you would have fared in the Gilbreth family!

*As part of the Family Council, the children submitted sealed bids to be awarded jobs.

This meant that they each decided what price they were willing to take for doing the job, wrote it down, and sealed it in an envelope.

The lowest priced bid was awarded the job, but that child was also responsible for doing the job. This is similar to how contractors often work today.

Talk with your parents about some jobs they need done and decide what you would bid. Consider the time and amount of work it will take you – not just the amount of money you want to earn.

How would you bid these jobs competitively?

Money and Teens: Savvy Money SkillsMoney and Teens: Savvy Money SkillsOfficial Money Guide for TeenagersOfficial Money Guide for TeenagersFinancial Fitness for TeensFinancial Fitness for TeensBudgeting: The 21-Day Budgeting Challenge - learn key strategies to set up a budget, make the most of your money, pay off debts and start saving (personal ... habit) (21-Day Challenges Book 4)Budgeting: The 21-Day Budgeting Challenge – learn key strategies to set up a budget, make the most of your money, pay off debts and start saving (personal … habit) (21-Day Challenges Book 4)

*One of the committees on the Family Council was responsible for finding the best prices for food and other things the family needed. With 12 children and two parents, this was important!

For a week, help your mom and dad with tracking down the best prices on things your family needs. You can check grocery store ads, newspaper flyers, and (if your parents are ok with it) internet sites.

Make a list of how much money your family can save by getting these things on sale. Is it worth it?

Bible Activities

*Although Dad is definitely the parent that stands out, Mother was the one that often kept things running smoothly.

In many ways, she was similar to the woman described in Proverbs 31. Read this passage and make as many connections as you can between the two.

How are they similar? How are they different?

Becoming a Proverbs 31 Woman: A 21 Day Devotional for HerBecoming a Proverbs 31 Woman: A 21 Day Devotional for HerDivinity Boutique Journal with Pink Key Charm, Proverbs 31 (22876)Divinity Boutique Journal with Pink Key Charm, Proverbs 31 (22876)Becoming the Woman God Wants Me to Be: A 90-Day Guide to Living the Proverbs 31 LifeBecoming the Woman God Wants Me to Be: A 90-Day Guide to Living the Proverbs 31 LifeProverbs 31: A Life of Truth and GraceProverbs 31: A Life of Truth and Grace

*Dad felt it was very important to save time wherever he could, and he had a good reason for doing so.

Ecclesiastes 3 talks about how a time is designated for everything, and 3:11 says that “God has made everything beautiful in its time.”

What do you think this means? Should this impact how you choose to spend your time?

Additional Resources

Check out my Cheaper by the Dozen Pinterest board for even more ideas. I’ll update it on a regular basis, so be sure to follow it!

Five Little Peppers: The Omnibus Edition: Including Five Little Peppers and How They Grew, Five Little Peppers Midway, Five Little Peppers Abroad, ... Friends, and Five Little Peppers Grown UpFive Little Peppers: The Omnibus Edition: Including Five Little Peppers and How They Grew, Five Little Peppers Midway, Five Little Peppers Abroad, … Friends, and Five Little Peppers Grown UpFive Little Peppers - The Complete Collection: All Twelve Books By Margaret SidneyFive Little Peppers – The Complete Collection: All Twelve Books By Margaret SidneyCheaper By the Dozen by 20th Century FoxCheaper By the Dozen by 20th Century FoxCheaper By The Dozen (1950) / Cheaper By The Dozen (2003) (Original and Remake)Cheaper By The Dozen (1950) / Cheaper By The Dozen (2003) (Original and Remake)Cheaper By The Dozen / Belles On Their ToesCheaper By The Dozen / Belles On Their ToesBelles on Their ToesBelles on Their ToesSpic-and-Span!: Lillian Gilbreth's Wonder Kitchen (Great Idea Series)Spic-and-Span!: Lillian Gilbreth’s Wonder Kitchen (Great Idea Series)

Have fun with this unit! I know we did. And be sure to download the free unit study planner below to help you keep everything on track!

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